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Chemical Compounds for Life

Carbon: The "swiss army knife" of chemistry.

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    1. It can form strong stable (usually nonpolar) covalent bonds
    2. It can form up to 4 chemical bonds
    3. It can form multiple bonds

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Organic Compounds of life:


CARBOHYDRATES:

 

Dehydration Synthesis

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Starch

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Cellulose

 

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Glycogen

 


Lipids:

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Proteins

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example amino acids

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Nucleic Acids

DNA Molecule-note "double helix" shape

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  1. It is much smaller
  2. It is single-stranded
  3. It does NOT contain Thymine, but rather a new nucleotide called Uracil which will bind to Adenine.

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Comparison of DNA & RNA

 

 


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Mr. Stanley

Last Updated: March 11, 2004